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Shared Groups


This page summarizes Shared Groups, including how to request to join or create a group, some best practices for working with shared groups, and how to inspect and change file permissions and group ownership.

SuperCloud users are welcome to either join an existing group and receive the benefit of access to a shared file directory, or propose the creation of a group if there is some common interest amongst certain SuperCloud account holders, perhaps they are members of the same lab.

You can look at the current list of groups by listing the groups directory:

studentx@login-3:~$ ls /home/gridsan/groups/

You can see what groups you are currently in by running the "groups" command:

studentx@login-3:~$ groups

Joining or Creating a Group

If you would like to join a group, send an e-mail to with that request and CC the group owner for approval. The group owner must give approval before we can add you to the group. If you are not sure who the group owner/approver is, you can send in your request and we will reach out to the approver.

If you would like to create a group, please email with the following info.

  • What should the group be called?
  • Who should the group owner/approver be? We will ask this person for approval if anyone asks to be added.
  • Who should be in the group, listing SuperCloud usernames is most helpful to us, but not required. Otherwise, provide full names and email addresses.
  • Whether you plan to store any non-public data in the group. If so, please list any requirements, restrictions, or agreements associated with the data. The more information you give us, the better.

Using Shared Groups Effectively

Once you have been added to a group you will be able to access that group's shared directory. All group directories are located in the /home/gridsan/groups directory on the filesystem. Since this is part of the central filesystem along with your home directory, all nodes in SuperCloud can access the group directories. We will also add a symlink in your home directory to your group shared directory, this symlink will have the suffix "_shared" to indicate it is linking to a group directory. If you are sharing code with other members of your team that includes paths to a shared group, it is good practice to use a path that does not include your home directory, otherwise your team members will get a permission denied error when they try to run your code. Instead, it is best to use the absolute path through /home/gridsan/groups.

All of our Best Practices for using the Filesystem apply to the group directories. Additionally, NEVER use a GUI to drag and drop files into a group directory. Doing so can alter the permissions in the group directory, preventing others in your group from accessing the files you've moved into the shared group directory. When using rsync to transfer files into a group directory, be sure to use the -g flag, which will also help keep the group ownership set properly.

Linux File Permissions

Sometimes, despite your best efforts, the permissions on a group can be altered such that you or others in your group can't interact with a file the way they need to. If that happens, you can always contact us at and we can fix it. However, you may find it more convenient to fix it on your own. Here is a brief introduction to Linux File Permissions to help you learn what is going on and how to fix it.

Inspecting File Permissions

If you do a long form listing of the files in a directory using ls -l:

drwxrwx---    2 studentz studentz     4096 Jun 15 14:51  mydirectory
lrwxrwxrwx    1 root     root          26 Jun 15 17:24  files_shared -> ../groups/fileshare
-rw-------    1 studenty studenty    4096 Jun 30 09:02  logfile1
-rw-rw---     1 studentx Alpha       4096 Jun 30 09:02  logfile2

You will see the file permissions of your various directories, symlinks, and files in the leftmost columns. The first column indicates whether the file is a directory (d), symlink (l), or a regular file. Columns 2 through 10 can be viewed as triplets that define access permissions for the file or folder. To explicitly define permissions you will need to reference the Permission Group and Permission Types:

  • The Permission Groups are:  u -- Owner   g -- Group  o -- Others  
  • The Permission Types are:  r -- Read  w -- Write   x -- Execute

The first of these triplets represent the Owner's permissions, the second the Group's, and the third Others'. An r,w, or x represent the ability to perform that action, and a "-" means that action is not permitted. For a file like logfile1 above you can see that it is owned by user studenty (from group studenty) and only the owner has read and write permissions. The file named logfile2 currently has the permissions set to -rw-rw----, which means that the owner and group have read and write permission. SuperCloud does not allow you to add read, write, or execute permissions for others, or all users. One important thing to note: in order to go into a directory you must have execute permissions on that directory. So if you get a "Permission denied" error when trying to enter or look at the files in a directory, check whether the directory has read and execute permissions.

Changing File Permissions

Now say we want to change permissions for a file. One of the easiest ways is to use the Assignment Operators, + (plus) and -- (minus). These are used to tell the system whether to add or remove the specific permissions.

For example, to add group read and write permission for logfile1, you would invoke the command:

chmod g+rw logfile1

Now say you want your group to be able to read logfile2, but don't want anyone to accidentally modify it. To remove group write permissions you would invoke the command:

chmod g-w logfile2

It's very important to know that if you want to apply these changes recursively that you use the -R (with a capital R) flag. Using a lowercase -r flag like you do for other Linux commands like cp will remove write permissions for everyone, including yourself. If you make this mistake, it is not the end of the world, but you will need to send us an email and have us fix it.

Alternately you can define the full permissions options with binary references like chmod 750 logfile1 which would grant full privileges (7) to the owner, and rw privileges (5) to the group and nothing (0) to others in a single command. You can learn more options and about chmod either from an online tutorial or from your local man pages (man chmod, typing q will exit) or with the quick cheat sheet you can display with chmod --help. The following is also pretty good tutorial, but be aware it talks about permissions in general, and not everything will be relevant to shared groups or SuperCloud: How to use the chmod Command on Linux.

Linux File Ownership

If we take another look at the example directory above:

drwxrwx---    2 studentz studentz     4096 Jun 15 14:51  mydirectory
lrwxrwxrwx    1 root     root          26 Jun 15 17:24  files_shared -> ../groups/fileshare
-rw-rw----    1 studenty studenty    4096 Jun 30 09:02  logfile1
-rw-r----     1 studentx Alpha       4096 Jun 30 09:02  logfile2
-rw-r-x---    1 studenty studenty    4096 Jun 30 09:02

the 12th and 13th column of the ls -l output is the owner of the file, listed first, and the group for the file, listed second. For example, logfile2 is owned by studentx and its group is Alpha. Based on the permissions above, studentx can read and write to the file, and anyone in the Alpha group can read the file, but cannot write to it.

In a group directory the group owner for a file should usually be the group associated with that directory. Sometimes it unintentionally gets set to the username of the person who created or put the file there. This can easily be remedied by using the chgrp command. For example, let's say we'd like everyone in the Alpha group to be able to read and run (execute) the file, but not have write permissions. The group permissions are set properly, but the group is set to studenty instead of Alpha. To fix this, we can run:

chgrp Alpha

Again, if you would like to apply this change recursively, the flag is -R (with a capital R).